Evidence based Pediatrics
Efficiency of orthotic treatment in positional plagiocephaly
Reference of this article.:
Buñuel Álvarez JC. Eficacia del tratamiento con ortesis craneal para la corrección de la plagiocefalia postural. Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria. 2006;8:283-93.
Published in Internet: 30/06/2006
It is described the case of a 3 months old infant suffering from positional plagiocephaly
secondary to supine decubitus long stay. The following clinical query was raised: in infants
with positional plagiocephaly, cranial orthosis is more efficient than physiotherapy and positional
changes - one of them or combined ?to achieve the complete solving of the deformity?
Bibliographic search in TRIP and MEDLINE was carried out with the descriptors ?plagiocephaly?
and ?Plagiocephaly, Nonsynostotic?. There were retrieved three documents: a
systematic review, an evaluation report on sanitary technologies and a prospective series of
cases. There were not retrieved any randomised clinical trial comparing both proceedings.
From the critical appraisal of the scarce evidence found we conclude that it is adequate to
begin positional plagiocephaly treatment with alternative changes of position (associated or
not to physiotherapy if there is congenital torticollis also present), keeping back cranial
orthosis for the resilient cases.
Keywords: Plagiocephaly nonsynostotic/prevention and control. Plagiocephaly nonsynostotic/rehabilitation. Plagiocephaly nonsynostotic/therapy.
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